David Evans, widely known among beekeepers for his blog site ‘The Apiarist ’ through which he shares his scientific exploration of the craft of beekeeping. He is also Professor of Virology at St Andrews University. The talk is Preparing for Winter – the season when more colonies succumb – to disease, starvation,queen failures or natural disaster – than any other time of the year. In the UK, annual overwintering colony losses are often as high as 20-30%. Proper preparation for winter, a process that starts in August, is essential if losses are to be minimised.